|2009 seamless steel pipe industry, the existence of multiple risk
China Steel Net News: China seamless steel pipe industry developed rapidly in recent years, booming sales for 10 consecutive years, the product of structural adjustment achieved remarkable results, the main manufacturers of seamless steel pipe production equipment and technology at the international advanced level, in 2008 seamless steel pipe production reached 20.18 million t, steel production has become the world power. September 17, 2009 United States Steel Corporation asked the U.S. Department of Commerce worth 400 million U.S. dollars for China's system of carbon steel and alloy steel seamless pipe and pressure pipe standards for anti-dumping and countervailing investigations against Chinese products asked the Government to levy 60% or more number of anti-dumping duty and 15% to 30% of the countervailing duties, the two stacking up to 90%. China seamless steel pipe industry, making matters worse, excess capacity can not be resolved through exports, seamless steel pipe industry, the existence of multiple risks.
One, seamless steel tube industry is facing the situation
Research shows that our country has a seamless pipe production equipment of enterprises of about 350 or so, the domestic production capacity has more than one million tons of seamless steel pipe manufacturer 6 ~ 7. According to incomplete statistics, the actual capacity of a variety of seamless steel pipe unit of about 25 million t, as well as a number of steel mills steel project put into operation or under construction. In 2008 China's new production of seamless steel pipe unit is about more than 10 sets of production capacity of about 3 million t of about (2009 new capacity is greater). Seamless steel pipe production capacity in 2010 is expected to reach about 26 million t, steel pipe (seamless pipe + pipe) capacity expected to reach about 55 million t. In recent years, seamless steel tube production, consumption, trading conditions in Table. 2004 ~ 2008 seamless steel tube production and consumption of 10000 t year of apparent consumption production imports exports market share,% 2004 902.03 908.33 69.2 75.5 92.33 2005 975.63 1047.05 67.82 139.24 93.05 2006 1358.8 1539.94 69.4 250.5 94.67 2007 1475.77 1817.93 53.25 395.4 96.39 2008 1463.94 2017.66 55.41 609.1 96.22
Be seen from the table in 2007 the apparent consumption of domestic seamless steel pipe almost equal with 2008, the domestic market has become saturated, with production capacity is mainly used to develop the international market.
2, the product structure and market demand, the obvious contradiction
In recent years, as companies focus on the product structure adjustment, special-purpose tube ratio has risen to a high level, to accelerate the process of domestic oil casing, seamless steel pipe five large state-owned enterprises are close to the proportion of exclusive possession, or more than 70%, Shanghai Baoshan Iron and Steel more than 80%. This trend has led to:
1. Exclusive oil casing pipe, especially a sharp increase production capacity, more than 30% of the products need to rely on exports of digestion, by the financial crisis, oil prices diving casing the situation, inhibit some capacity, a number of private enterprises in the cut-off and semi - shutdown state, our country lost its exclusive control of high value-added advantage to enter the price Bipin stage;
2. My private pipe is still in the low degree of competition stage, high-tech, high value-added proprietary tube (such as special
steel grade oil casing, special threaded oil casing, economy special threaded oil casing, super-critical and ultra-supercritical power plant pipe) ratio is very low, need to import.
Third, China's steel export outlook is not optimistic about the situation
Since 2003, China's net exports of seamless steel pipe has become a species. Already created a balance between domestic supply and demand, production capacity is almost rely on exports to absorb incremental pattern.
In 2009 the domestic steel market to stabilize in the low-cost areas, so phased, regional, seasonal ups and downs of the shock phenomenon still exists. The main show for the excess capacity, export restricted, the price rise is difficult. To cope with the international financial crisis, the impact on the domestic economy, the state has promulgated a series of stimulating domestic demand, ensure the growth of policy measures, the relationship between people's livelihood, infrastructure construction increased, but the increased demand for steel is not obvious. The petrochemical industry at present has not diminished the demand for steel; power generation industry (thermal power, nuclear power), the automotive industry, machinery manufacturing, energy, transportation, building structure on the growth of demand for high-grade pipe limited space, only the high-tech needs of the special steel varieties volume has increased.
In view of the financial crisis and the impact of slowing domestic economic growth, the size of the world steel market consumption will be maintained for some period of time of about 40 million t, or a slight increase or decrease. China's steel exports will lead to further changes in the structure of varieties, high value-added oil well pipe, line pipe and other carefully optimistic about export prospects, high-strength
line pipe demand will increase.
At present, the world's leading producer of seamless steel pipe 10 are China, Japan, the United States, Russia, Ukraine, Germany, Italy, Britain, France and Argentina. Among them, China, the United States, Russia's products are mainly for domestic consumption; Britain, France, imports and exports roughly the same; other countries, mostly seamless steel pipe exporter, exports account for about 30% of their total output to 70%. In particular, TENARIS Group; V & M Group; TMK Steel Pipe Factory domestic enterprises and Romania, Poland, consisting of a large steel groups; Japan Steel Federation (Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Steel pipe); Japan's JFE Steel; Ukraine steel pipe; U.S. Steel Group of USX Corporation China's major steel exporting countries and regions have the basic plant, there is competitive advantage, is China's steel exports, main competitors.
Fourth, the export market rising trade protectionism
States parties are urged to be alert to trade protectionism, the World Bank recently released a report, the Group of 20 in 17 countries have adopted a trade protection measures, China is the most affected victims.
September 9, the U.S. Department of Commerce preliminary ruling will be made in China, steel pipe for oil and gas wells up 30.6% levy tariffs will involve an annual 2.8 billion worth of imports of Chinese steel pipe, which is the largest against Chinese products to counter action. Involving Chinese companies, including: Jiangsu Chang Po-precision special steel companies, 24 percent tariff; Wuxi Seamless Steel Tube Plant, tariffs by 25% tariffs on a number of other companies about 21%, the final decision until November. Meanwhile, the U.S. Commerce Department is reviewing the case of another Chinese steel pipe will be November 5 the final decision, if we impose anti-dumping duties, tariffs can be as high as 99.14 percent from 36.94 percent. In fact, the Chinese oil well pipes in Europe experience "double reverse."
5, actively respond to the multiple risks the industry
Cope with the current boom of steel industry downturn and shrinking international market demand pressures, improve overall control and a significant reduction in raw material procurement cost is the iron and steel enterprises out of the fundamental guarantee. Effectively implement the Convention on industry self-discipline, standardize the market competition order of steel become a top priority. China Iron and Steel Industry Association director in 2009 (the expansion) will be considered and adopted the "iron and steel industry self-regulate the Convention on the domestic steel market order", requiring the iron and steel enterprises to earnestly implement the "self-discipline of the Convention" spirit, standardize the company's pricing behavior and sales practices.
The face of international market, trade protectionism, China's enterprises to be more than a pragmatic and rational. An enterprise should the United States and Europe trade protection, export disruptions unfavorable situation and to enhance their competitive edge, forming a unique competitive technologies and products. Future oil and gas exploration to the deep sea, deep strata, cold zones, tropical regional development, research and the environment need to adapt to the pipe; oil and gas development to the heavy oil, heavy oil, oil sands, high water content, high-sand oil and gas field development, acid, alkali, high temperature, high pressure, corrosion of the pipe demand will increase. From the perspective of globalization and division of labor, China's industry in the global seamless steel pipe seamless steel pipe manufacturer's position will improve.